Journal of Medicine, Radiology, Pathology and Surgery

1.ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Awareness of diabetes mellitus and its complications among students in a Malaysian university

D. Premkumar

[Year:2018] [Month:July -August] [Volume:5 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:1–4] [No. of Hits: 32]

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  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jmrps.134]

ABSTRACT

Background: In Malaysia, the prevalence of diabetes in 2006 was 11.6% and 22.6% in 2013, a two-fold increase.

Aim: This study aims to find out the level of awareness and knowledge on type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus and its complications among university students.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted using a questionnaire which is developed based on the information drawn from the literature regarding awareness and complications of T2D.

Results: Most of the respondents knew that consuming sugar-containing foods can lead to diabetes and DM is controllable but not curable. Most of them know that DM causes increased frequency of urination and increased thirst. They also know that DM can affect any part of the body and the wound takes long time to heal. Unfortunately, only 50% of respondent aware that diabetes can damage kidney, blood flow to heart is decreased, and DM can cause loss of sensation in hands and feet and blindness. 61.5% of respondent knew that eating wheat and leafy vegetables are advisable for diabetic patient. 34.5% responded eating potato, banana, and rice is advisable and 4% responded consuming soft drinks and fruit juices is advisable.

Conclusion: Students in AIMST have good awareness on DM. Awareness about DM among university students will help to play a crucial role in fight against DM and to prevent complications of DM.

Keywords: Asian institute of medicine, science and technology university students, blood sugar, diabetes mellitus, diet, nephropathy

How to cite this article: Premkumar D. Awareness of diabetes mellitus and its complications among students in a Malaysian university. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:1-4

Received: 26 May 2018;

Accepted: 01 June 2018

2.CASE REPORT

Radicular cyst in upper left incisor - A case report

Tejavathi Nagaraj, Pooja Sinha, Swati Saxena, Poonam Sahu, Arundhati Biswas

[Year:2018] [Month:July -August] [Volume:5 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:5–7] [No. of Hits: 35]

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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jmrps.135]

ABSTRACT

Radicular cysts come under the category of one of the most common odontogenic cysts. It occurs in the periapical region of the carious tooth. The cystic lesion consists of a pathologic cavity that is lined by the epithelium and is commonly filled with fluid; therefore, it is referred to a true cyst. Residual cyst is a type of radicular cyst which remains after the tooth extraction or develops subsequent to extraction. Surgical and/or non-surgical, both can be the treatment modalities for the cyst. The treatment choice depends on the size and site of cyst. In the present case, a radicular cyst was managed successfully with surgical enucleation.

Keywords: Inflammatory cyst, periapical cyst, radicular cyst

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Sinha P, Saxena S, Sahu P, Biswas A. Radicular cyst in upper left incisor - A case report. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:5-7.

Received: 23 May 2018;

Accepted: 03 June 2018

3.CASE REPORT

Oroantral fistula: A case report and review of literature

Tejavathi Nagaraj, Poonam Sahu, Swati Saxena, Haritma Nigam, Arundhati Biswas

[Year:2018] [Month:July -August] [Volume:5 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:8–10] [No. of Hits: 34]

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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jmrps.136]

ABSTRACT

A communication formed between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity is known as “oroantral communication,” and it does not close spontaneously, it is epithelialized and develops into a fistula. The most common etiological factor is maxillary molar and premolar extraction. The close approximation between the apex of the maxillary molars and premolars with the antral floor is the risk factor for OAC. A case of oroantral fistula reported to the department of oral medicine and radiology and was treated with buccal pad of fat and followed up for a year.

Keywords: Antral floor, buccal pad of fat, epithelization, fistula

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Sahu P, Saxena S, Nigam H, Biswas A. Oroantral fistula: A case report and review of literature. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:8-10.

Received: 13 June 2018;

Accepted: 23 July 2018

4.CASE REPORT

Giant cell fibroma: A case report with review of literature

Ngairangbam Sanjeeta, D. B. Nandini, Sumita Banerjee, P. Aparna Devi

[Year:2018] [Month:July -August] [Volume:5 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:11–13] [No. of Hits: 36]

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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jmrps.137]

ABSTRACT

Benign gingival overgrowths are not uncommon in the oral cavity. Reactive lesions and neoplasms comprise the spectrum of local proliferations that occur in the gingiva. Similarity in the clinical features of these diverse lesions further compound the dilemma in arriving at a proper clinical diagnosis. Giant cell fibroma (GCF) is one such interesting lesion that may clinically mimic a fibroma or a papilloma that can only be diagnosed after histopathological examination from its unique and characteristic features. In this paper, the first case of GCF in an 18-year-old north-eastern Indian of Mongoloid origin is reported for its rarity.

Keywords: Fibroblast, fibroma, giant cell, gingiva

How to cite this article: Sanjeeta N, Nandini DB, Banerjee S, Devi PA. Giant cell fibroma: A case report with review of literature. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:11-13.

Received: 11 June 2018;

Accepted: 21 July 2018

5.CASE REPORT

A rare case report of large perinephric hematoma in a patient of B/L polycystic kidney disease due to trivial trauma

H. G. M. Rudraiah, Siddharth Vijay Kalke

[Year:2018] [Month:July -August] [Volume:5 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:14–15] [No. of Hits: 31]

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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jmrps.138]

ABSTRACT

Large number of case reports and literature is found in cases of management of blunt kidney injuries without preexisting renal pathologies. Very scanty literature and reports are available in cases of bilateral polycystic kidney disease presenting with blunt trauma resulting in a massive hematoma with deranged renal function test. Our case was a surgical challenge where the conflict arises whether to intervene and open and drain the hematoma or do a radiological procedure to aspirate it minimally invasively. This case report serves as a good example for all clinicians who will deal with such rare cases of large perinephric hematomas in cases of bilateral adult polycystic kidney disease. The management followed in this case serves as an example and a reference for the need of operative intervention in cases of large perinephric hematomas.

Keywords: Hematoma perinephric, polycystic kidney, trivial trauma

How to cite this article: Rudraiah HGM, Kalke SV. A rare case report of large perinephric hematoma in a patient of B/L polycystic kidney disease due to trivial trauma. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5: 14-15.

Received: 12 June 2018;

Accepted: 04 July 2018

6.CASE REPORT

Leukoedema of the buccal mucosa - A case report

Vaidhehi Narayan Nayak, H. C. Girish, Sanjay Murgod, R. Narahari, B. N. Yathindra Kumar

[Year:2018] [Month:July -August] [Volume:5 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:16–17] [No. of Hits: 46]

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  • [DOI : 10.15713/ins.jmrps.139]

ABSTRACT

Leukoedema is a variant of oral mucosa which mimics premalignant lesion more so when there is associated smoking habit. We report a case of leukoedema which had a strong smoking habit.

Keywords: Leukoedema, premalignancy, smoking

How to cite this article: Nayak VN, Girish HC, Murgod S, Narahari R, Kumar BNY. Leukoedema of the buccal mucosa - A case report. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:16-17.

Received: 16 June 2018;

Accepted: 20 July 2018