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  Journal of Medicine, Radiology, Pathology & Surgery (2018), No.1, Vol 5, January-February Issue  
 
Topic: Oral Cancer
Topic Editor: N/A
 
 
1 . ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Radiology and management of recurrent varicose veins: Risk factors analysis using artificial neural networks
Bouharati Imene, El-Hachmi Seddik, Babouche Farid, Khenchouche Abelhalim, Bouharati Khaoula, Bouharati Saddek
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ABSTRACT

Background: From the epidemiological point of view, certain factors involved in the appearance of varicose veins are preponderant such as multiple pregnancies, age, and also certain races. Physiologically, venous valve dysfunction can also be a factor. Here, radiologists intervene to determine venous insufficiency. Doppler ultrasound (US) and tomography are often the most used in this detection. Certain other factors contribute to their recidivism.

Aims: Some factors that occur in the recurrence of varicose veins are extrinsic such as age, sex, or genetic factor. On the other hand, certain factors are linked to an inadequate surgical procedure that can be partly explained by a poor radiological or methodological reading. The aim of this study is to prevent recurring complications that may occur the analysis of the factors of these is necessary.

Materials and Methods: In our study, 62 patients were operated in our general surgery department during the period from January 2016 to September 2017. The pre-operative clinical examination included, among others, the radiological examination using a Doppler US. Patients who have had a recurrence are classified from the identification of the possible causes. Since the causes are complex and vary from one person to another, this makes them very difficult to analyze by conventional methods. We proposed an intelligent system based on artificial neural networks.

Results: Once the system is established, this will identify the most important factor in the recurrence of varicose veins. By randomly changing the parameters at the input one by one and we record the effect that each produces on the recurrence rate at the output.

Conclusion: The proposed system with its very strong inters connectivity, and the support of all possible combinations with the weight of each factor makes it possible to extract the predominant cause. With its learning from the real values recorded, and the optimal function created between the two input-output spaces, it becomes very easy to identify the main cause that leads to recidivism.

Keywords: Artificial neural network, risk factors, surgery, varicose

How to cite this article: Imene B, Seddik EH, Farid B, Abelhalim K, Khaoula B, Saddek B. Radiology and management of recurrent varicose veins: Risk factors analysis using artificial neural networks. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:1-5

Received: 11 November 2017;

Accepted: 19 December 2017

 
2 . REVIEW ARTICLE
Nicotine replacement therapy: A review
C. K. Sumana, Tejavathi Nagaraj, Haritma Nigam, Sita Gogula, Swati Saxena
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ABSTRACT

Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) involves using different types nicotine delivery methods which replace the effects of nicotine obtained from smoking. NRT helps people who are willing to quit the habit. They crave straight into the bloodstream without producing the harmful effects produced by the chemicals present in the smoking forms. It aims to decrease the withdrawal symptoms associated with smoking. This article narrates various dosage forms of NRT.

Keywords: Addiction, dependence, nicotine replacement therapy products, safety of products

How to cite this article: Sumana CK, Nagaraj T, Nigam H, Gogula S, Saxena S. Nicotine replacement therapy: A review. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:6-8

Received: 11 November 2017;

Accepted: 19 December 2017

 
3 . CASE REPORT
Bilateral dentigerous cyst - A case report
Sita Gogula, Tejavathi Nagaraj, C. K. Sumana, Haritma Nigam
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ABSTRACT

The most common odontogenic cyst in the oral cavity is the dentigerous cyst which has wide age range commonly involves the mandibular impacted third molar. The present case is about a 40-year-old patient complains of pain in the lower left back tooth region for 1 month and had undergone root canal treatment for 37 1 year back. However, the patient had recurrence of pain in the same region for 2 months with a history of mild swelling in that area and gave a history of moderate-to-severe pain intermittent and relieves on taking medication. Orthopantamograph revealed bilateral dentigerous cyst and was confirmed by histopathologic report. This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical features, radiographic features, treatment, and recurrence rate.

Keywords: Dentigerous cyst, enucleation, impacted mandibular molar

How to cite this article: Gogula S, Nagaraj T, Sumana CK, Nigam H. Bilateral dentigerous cyst - A case report. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:9-11

Received: 23 December 2017;

Accepted: 28 January 2018

 
4 . CASE REPORT
Bell’s palsy: Two case reports and review of literature
Tejavathi Nagaraj, Poonam Sahu, Haritma Nigam, C. K. Sumana
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ABSTRACT

Bell’s palsy is a peripheral seventh cranial nerve neuropathy, usually resulting from infective, inflammatory, post-local anesthetic complication, or trauma. It is the most common cause of unilateral paralysis of the face. The onset may be sudden or delayed. This paper presents two cases of Bell’s palsy which were diagnosed in our department along with their review of the literature. Here, we emphasize the significance of the identification of Bell’s palsy and referral to the medical hospital for additional diagnostic services.

Keywords: Bell’s palsy, neuropathy, post local anesthetic complication, trauma

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Sahu P, Nigam H, Sumana CK. Bell’s palsy: Two case reports and review of literature. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:12-15

Received: 23 December 2017;

Accepted: 28 January 2018

 
5 . CASE REPORT
Odontogenic myxoma - A rare case report
Tejavathi Nagaraj, Sita Gogula, C. K. Sumana, Haritma Nigam
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ABSTRACT

Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a rare neoplasm unique to the jaw. In the international histological classification of odontogenic tumors, OM is defined as a benign odontogenic tumor of mesenchymal origin that is locally invasive and consists of rounded and angular cells lying in abundant mucoid stroma. Here is a case report of an 11-year-old female patient who complained with swelling in the lower right back tooth region for 1½ months with a history of swelling which was initially small and gradually increased to present size with a history of mild pain for 1 day. In this article, clinical features, radiologic features, and differential diagnosis are discussed briefly.

Keywords: Clinical features, odontogenic myxoma, radiological features

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Gogula S, Sumana CK, Nigam H. Odontogenic myxoma - A rare case report. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:16-18

Received: 20 December 2017;

Accepted: 18 January 2018

 
6 . CASE REPORT
Case reports of two clinical forms of oral lichen planus with review of literature
Tejavathi Nagaraj, C. K. Sumana, Arundhati Biswas, Haritma Nigam
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ABSTRACT

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is an immune-mediated and inflammatory mucocutaneous lesion. Reticular form is usually asymptomatic and erosive form is present as symptomatic erythematous areas in the oral cavity intermixed with lacy white lines, most commonly in the buccal mucosa. Typical clinical features will aid in diagnosis, but biopsy is essential to arrive at the diagnosis and to exclude dysplastic changes in erosive form. This is a case report of two different clinical forms of OLP.

Keywords: Erosive type of lichen planus, immunological, reticular lichen planus, topical corticosteroids, Wickham’s striae

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Sumana CK, Biswas A, Nigam H. Case reports of two clinical forms of oral lichen planus with review of literature. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:19-22.

Received: 02 December 2018;

Accepted: 25 January 2018

 
 
     
 
   
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