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  Journal of Medicine, Radiology, Pathology & Surgery (2017), No.4, Vol 4, July -August Issue  
 
Topic: Oral Cancer
Topic Editor: N/A
 
 
1 . ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Efficacy of Pimenta dioica leaf powder in the management of chronic generalized gingivitis: A clinical trial
Tejavathi Nagaraj, C. K. Sumana, Durga Okade, Subrahmanya Kumar, Haritma Nigam, Sita Gogula
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ABSTRACT

Background: Inflammation of gingival or gingivitis is most prevalent in general population. Long-term usage of other adjunctive chemotherapeutic agents such as chlorhexidine which shows side effects such as discoloration of teeth has made the use of various herbal preparations as an adjunct to oral prophylaxis because of their reduced unwanted side effects and can be incorporated in our daily oral hygiene practice.

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antigingivitis effect of a powder prepared from Pimenta dioica L. (“Allspice”) leaves in a 21-day experimental clinical trial consisting of patients with chronic generalized gingivitis.

Materials and Methods: A randomized clinical trial consisted of 40 patients was carried out over a period of 21 days. Forty patients were randomly divided into two groups: First group (Group A) consisted of 20 patients who were treated with oral prophylaxis only and the second group (Group B) consisted of 20 patients who were treated with experimental powder only. Both groups were subjected to different clinical parameters to evaluate the antiplaque and antigingivitis effect of the P. dioica leaf powder.

Keywords: Antimicrobial, antioxidant, clinical trial, gingivitis, pimenta

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, Sumana CK, Okade D, Kumar S, Nigam H, Gogula S. Efficacy of Pimenta dioica leaf powder in the management of chronic generalized gingivitis: A clinical trial. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2017;4:1-4.

Received: 04 August 2017;

Accepted: 31 August 2017

 
2 . ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Sex determination by using mandibular ramus: A digital radiographic study
Tejavathi Nagaraj, Leena James, Sita Gogula, Noori Ghouse, Haritma Nigam, C. K. Sumana
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ABSTRACT

Background: In medicolegal investigations, sex determination is an important aspect to identify, followed by age. Pelvis and skull are most commonly investigated for determination of sex. When the entire skeleton is not available and only fragments of bones are present, then mandible plays an important role in gender determination.

Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to measure and compare various dimensions of mandibular ramus as observed in orthopantomograph and to determine the gender using mandibular ramus measurements.

Materials and Methods: Retrospectively, a study was done by taking orthopantomograph of 50 males and 50 females. Orthopantomograph were taken by Sirona XP Digital Panoramic Machine (69 kVp 15 mA 14.1 s). The data were analyzed using linear discriminant analysis.

Results: In mandibular ramus, each and every variable was significant in classifying a given sample (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Mandibular ramus can be used as an aid for sex determination.

Keywords: Linear discriminant functional analysis, mandibular ramus, sex determination

How to cite this article: Nagaraj T, James L, Gogula S, Ghouse N, Nigam H, Sumana CK. Sex determination by using mandibular ramus: A digital radiographic study. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2017;4:5-8.

Received: 18 May 2017;

Accepted: 19 June 2017

 
3 . ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation: An adjuvant modality for pain relief in myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome
Sunil Vasudev, Chinmay Dilip Vakade, Roshan Cherian Paramesh, Belgal Priyanka Govind
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ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic facial pain owing to myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS) remains a therapeutic problem. Multiple modalities have been used to manage this condition including pharmacotherapy, behavioral medicine, and corrective dental procedures.

Objectives: The objective of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) as an adjuvant to pain relief in myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome. Methods, 30 patients were treated with TENS therapy for three months.

Results: 28 patients out of the 30 had reduction in pain following TENS therapy. 2 among the 28 were completely relieved from pain. The mean reduction on the visual analog scale was found to be 4.5. 18 patients among the 21 patients who consumed analgesics pre-TENS therapy showed reduction in analgesic consumption post-TENS.

Conclusion: TENS is one of the many modalities for pain relief, and its role as an adjuvant modality in the management of MPDS is commendable.

Keywords: Gate control theory, myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome, pain, transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation

How to cite this article: Vasudev S, Vakade CD, Paramesh RC, Govind BP. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation: An adjuvant modality for pain relief in myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2017;4:9-11.

Received: 11 June 2017;

Accepted: 28 July 2017

 
4 . REVIEW ARTICLE
Teeth as age estimation tool in children and adolescents
J. K. Savita, B. N. Yathindra Kumar, N. S. Mamatha
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ABSTRACT

Age is an important factor in clinical practice, research, and court of law. One of the interesting applications of forensic odontology is age estimation by means of teeth. Dental development is relatively independent from other systems maturation. Detectable variation in the tempo of tooth mineralization and duration of tooth maturation between children from different geographical regions were reported. Age estimation from teeth by radiological analysis in both children and adolescents has wide applications in several scientific and forensic fields. In 2006, Cameriere et al. proposed a method to estimate chronological age in children, according to measurements of open apices of permanent teeth. The techniques are categorized in morphological, radiological, and biochemical. To reach to reliable estimation different techniques should be used as and repeated measurements should be made. In humans, age determination is done for various reasons. Age determination of cadavers is carried out in victims of mass disasters such as fires, crashes, accidents, homicides, feticides, and infanticides. In living person, the age estimation is done to assess whether the child has attained the age of criminal responsibility such as rape, kidnapping, employment, marriage, premature births, adoption, illegal immigration, pediatric endocrinopathy, and orthodontic malocclusion, and when the birth certificate is not available and records are suspect for reasons such as criminal cases.

Keywords: Age estimation, demirjian method, dental age, panoramic radiograph

How to cite this article: Savita JK, Kumar BNY, Mamatha NS. Teeth as age estimation tool in children and adolescents. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2017;4:12-15.

Received: 30 June 2017;

Accepted: 21 July 2017

 
5 . CASE REPORT
Pyogenic granuloma of posterior mandible – A case report
Durga Okade, Tejavathi Nagaraj, Swati Saxena, Arundhati Biswas
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ABSTRACT

Pyogenic granuloma (also known as an “eruptive hemangioma,” “granulation tissue-type hemangioma,” “granuloma gravidarum,” “lobular capillary hemangioma,” “pregnancy tumor,” and “tumor of pregnancy”) is a vascular lesion. It occurs on both skin and mucosa and appears as an overgrowth of tissue due to irritation, hormonal factors, physical trauma, etc. It is often involved with the gingiva, the skin and nasal septum, and has also been observed far from the head region, such as in the thigh. This article reports a case of pyogenic granuloma in a male patient aged 25 years with a small swelling in his posterior mandible region since 1 week. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen confirmed the diagnosis of lobular capillary hemangioma. The patient had undergone extraction of 35. Prognosis was good.

Keywords: Hemangioma, lobular capillary hemangioma, pyogenic granuloma

How to cite this article: Okade D, Nagaraj T, Saxena S, Biswas A. Pyogenic granuloma of posterior mandible - A case report. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2017;4:16-18.

Received: 02 May 2017;

Accepted: 15 June 2017

 
6 . CASE REPORT
Salivary gland choristoma on tonsil – A case report and review
K. Shyamala, Sumanth Kanjikar, H.C. Girish, Sanjay Murgod
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ABSTRACT

The salivary choristoma or heterotopic salivary gland is defined as a tumor-like growth of otherwise normal salivary gland found in an abnormal location. Although histologically there is evidence of hetertopic salivary gland tissue in palatine tonsil rarely it manifests as visible mass with only isolated case reports having been found. In this article, we present a case with salivary gland choristoma on palatine tonsillar wall and a brief review.

Keywords: Choristoma, heterotpia, salivary gland, tonsils, tumerogenic potential

How to cite this article: Shyamala K, Kanjikar S, Girish HC, Murgod S. Salivary gland choristoma on tonsil - A case report and review. Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2017;4:19-21.

Received: 06 June 2017;

Accepted: 31 August 2017

 
 
     
 
   
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